Birth Trauma Research

As we find interesting and relevant articles related to physical or psychological birth trauma, we will post them here. Where possible, we will post links to free copies of the full articles, however some may be links to abstracts which will require you to purchase the full text.

Table of Contents

Birth After Birth Trauma

It is the first birth that does the damage: a cross-sectional study 20 years after delivery.

Research Paper: Int Urogynecol J 29, 1637–1643 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-018-3616-4
Authors: Kamisan Atan, I., Lin, S., Dietz, H.P. et al

Pelvic floor trauma: does the second baby matter?

Research Paper: Pelvic floor trauma: does the second baby matter?. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol, 44: 90-94.
Authors: Horak, T.A., Guzman‐Rojas, R.A., Shek, K.L.L. and Dietz, H.P.

Birth Preparation

Intrapartum care of healthy women and their babies: summary of updated NICE guidance

Research Paper: BMJ (Clinical Research ed.). 2014 Dec;349:g6886. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.g6886.
Authors: Delgado Nunes V, Gholitabar M, Sims JM, Bewley S, Guideline Development Group.

Prescribing antidepressants and anxiolytic medications to pregnant women: comparing perception of risk of foetal teratogenicity between Australian Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, Speciality Trainees and upskilled General Practitioners

Research Paper: BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 20, 618 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-03293-0
Authors: Williams, S., Bruxner, G., Ballard, E. et al.

Reducing preterm birth by a statewide multifaceted program: an implementation study

Research Paper: Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 May;216(5):434-442. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2016.11.1037. Epub 2016 Nov 25. PMID: 27890647.
Authors: John P. Newnham, MD; Scott W. White, MBBS; Suzanne Meharry, MBBS; Han-Shin Lee, MBBS; Michelle K. Pedretti, MAppSc; Catherine A. Arrese, PhD; Jeffrey A. Keelan, PhD; Matthew W. Kemp, PhD; Jan E. Dickinson, MD; Dorota A. Doherty, PhD

Birth-related PTSD

Birth trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder: the importance of risk and resilience

Research Paper: Susan Ayers (2017) Birth trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder: the importance of risk and resilience, Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 35:5, 427-430, DOI: 10.1080/02646838.2017.1386874
Authors: Susan Ayers

Psychosocial Predictors of Postpartum Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Women With a Traumatic Childbirth Experience

Research Paper: Front Psychiatry. 2018; 9: 348. Published online 2018 Jul 31. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00348
Authors: Mark A. van Heumen, Martine H. Hollander, Maria G. van Pampus, Jeroen van Dillen, and Claire A. I. Stramrood

Post-traumatic stress disorder following childbirth: an update of current issues and recommendations for future research

Research Paper: OURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE AND INFANT PSYCHOLOGY, 33(3), doi: 10.1080/02646838.2015.1031646
Authors: McKenzie-McHarg, K., Ayers, S., Ford, E., Horsch, A., Jomeen, J., Sawyer, A., Stramrood, C., Thomson, G. and Slade, P.

Childbirth and the development of acute trauma symptoms: incidence and contributing factors

Research Paper: Birth Issues in Perinatal Care, Volume27, Issue2 June 2000 Pages 104-111. doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-536x.2000.00104.x
Authors: Debra K Creedy RN, PhD, Ian M Shochet PhD, Jan Horsfall RN, PhD

Birth trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder

Research Paper: MIND MATTERS Vol. 20 No 3 | Spring 2018
Authors: Prof Debra Creedy, Prof Jenny Gamble

Psychological and somatic sequelae of traumatic vaginal delivery: A literature review

Research Paper: Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2015 Aug;55(4):309-14. doi: 10.1111/ajo.12286. Epub 2014 Dec 24. PMID: 25537397.
Authors: Skinner EM, Dietz HP

Longitudinal trajectories of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after birth and associated risk factors

Research Paper: Journal of Affective Disorders, 229, pp. 377-385. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.12.074
Authors: Dikmen-Yildiz, P., Ayers, S. and Phillips, L.

Psychosocial Predictors of Postpartum Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Women With a Traumatic Childbirth Experience.

Research Paper: Front Psychiatry. 2018;9:348. Published 2018 Jul 31. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00348
Authors: van Heumen MA, Hollander MH, van Pampus MG, van Dillen J, Stramrood CAI.

Delivery as a Traumatic Event: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Treatment for Postnatal Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Research Paper: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology: September 2004 – Volume 47 – Issue 3 – p 552-567 doi: 10.1097/01.grf.0000129919.00756.9c
Authors: AYERS, SUSAN PhD, CPSYCHOL

Traumatic Stress after Childbirth: The Role of Obstetric Variables

Research Paper: (2002) Traumatic Stress after Childbirth: The Role of Obstetric Variables, Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 23:1, 31-39, DOI: 10.3109/01674820209093413
Authors: J. Soderquist, K. Wijma & B. Wijma

A prospective longitudinal study of the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder resulting from childbirth events

Research Paper: Psychol Med. 2010 Nov;40(11):1849-59. doi: 10.1017/S0033291709992224. Epub 2010 Jan 11. PMID: 20059799.
Authors: Alcorn KL, O’Donovan A, Patrick JC, Creedy D, Devilly GJ.

A systematic review of the relationship between severe maternal morbidity and post-traumatic stress disorder

Research Paper: BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12, 125 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2393-12-125
Authors: Furuta, M., Sandall, J. & Bick, D.

Post-traumatic stress disorder following childbirth: an update of current issues and recommendations for future research

Research Paper: Post-traumatic stress disorder following childbirth: an update of current issues and recommendations for future research, Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 33:3, 219-237, DOI: 10.1080/02646838.2015.1031646
Authors: Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg, Susan Ayers, Elizabeth Ford, Antje Horsch, Julie Jomeen, Alexandra Sawyer, Claire Stramrood, Gill Thomson & Pauline Slade

Perinatal PTSD International Research Network

Authors: A collection of Research Articles on Perinatal PTSD.

Childbirth and the development of acute trauma symptoms: incidence and contributing factors.

Research Paper: Birth. 2000 Jun;27(2):104-11. doi: 10.1046/j.1523-536x.2000.00104.x.
Authors: D K Creedy 1, I M Shochet, J Horsfall

Birth trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder

Research Paper: MIND MATTERS Vol. 20 No 3 | Spring 2018
Authors: Prof Debra Creedy RN, BA(Hons), MEd, PhD and Prof Jenny Gamble RN, RM, MHealth, PhD

Caesarean Birth

Incidence and severity of chronic pain after caesarean section

Research Paper: European Journal of Anaesthesiology (EJA): November 2016 – Volume 33 – Issue 11 – p 853-865 doi: 10.1097/EJA.0000000000000535
Authors: Weibel, Stephanie; Neubert, Katharina; Jelting, Yvonne; Meissner, Winfried; Wöckel, Achim; Roewer, Norbert; Kranke, et al.,

Predicting operative delivery

Research Paper: https://doi.org/10.1002/uog.2731
Authors: H. P. Dietz , V. Lanzarone, J. M. Simpson

Fathers and Partners

Be quiet and man up: a qualitative questionnaire study into fathers who witnessed their Partner’s birth trauma

Research Paper: BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 20, 236 (2020). doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-02902-2
Authors: Emily Daniels, Emily Arden-Close, Andrew Mayers. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 20, 236 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-02902-2

Socioecological factors associated with fathers’ well‐being difficulties in the early parenting period

Research Paper: (2014), Fathers’ well‐being difficulties. Clin Psychol, 18: 63-73. https://doi.org/10.1111/cp.12016
Authors: Monique Seymour Melissa Dunning Amanda Cooklin Rebecca Giallo

Prevalence and course of anxiety disorders (and symptom levels) in men across the perinatal period: A systematic review

Research Paper: Journal of Affective Disorders, Volume 190, 2016, Pages 675-686, ISSN 0165-0327, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2015.09.063.
Authors: Liana S. Leach, Carmel Poyser, Amanda R. Cooklin, Rebecca Giallo

New Fathers’ Perinatal Depression and Anxiety – Treatment Options: An Integrative Review

Research Paper: Am J Mens Health. 2017 Jul; 11(4): 863–876. Published online 2016 Sep 29. doi: 10.1177/1557988316669047
Authors: Anthony P. O’Brien, PhD, Karen A. McNeil, PhD, Richard Fletcher, PhD, Agatha Conrad, PhD, Amanda J. Wilson, PhD, Donovan Jones, PhD, and Sally W. Chan, PhD

Psychological distress of fathers attending an Australian early parenting service for early parenting difficulties.

Research Paper: Clinical Psychologist, 17: 46-55. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-9552.2012.00044.x
Authors: Giallo, R., Cooklin, A., Zerman, N. and Vittorino, R.

The role of trauma and partner support in perinatal depression and parenting stress: An Australian pregnancy cohort study

Research Paper: nternational Journal of Social Psychiatry. 2019;65(3):225-234.
Authors: Galbally M, Watson SJ, Boyce P, Lewis AJ.

Psychosocial factors associated with paternal postnatal depression.

Research Paper: J Affect Disord. 2013 Aug 15;150(1):44-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2013.01.048. Epub 2013 Mar 13. PMID: 23489392
Authors: Demontigny F, Girard ME, Lacharité C, Dubeau D, Devault A.

Be quiet and man up: a qualitative questionnaire study into fathers who witnessed their Partner’s birth trauma

Research Paper: https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12884-020-02902-2
Authors: Emily Daniels, Emily Arden-Close and Andrew Mayers*

Infant Mental Health

Perinatal and postnatal treatment of traumatized parents with mental disorders: impact on parents and their children

Research Paper: Nervenarzt 90, 260–266 (2019).
Authors: Klinger-König, J., Grabe, H.J.

Instrumental Birth

Contributing factors in forceps associated pelvic floor trauma.

Research Paper: Int Urogynecol J 31, 167–171 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-019-03869-1
Authors: Caudwell-Hall, J., Weishaupt, J. & Dietz, H.P.

Temporal trends in severe maternal and neonatal trauma during childbirth: a population-based observational study

Research Paper: Temporal trends in severe maternal and neonatal trauma during childbirth: a population-based observational study.
Authors: Wen Q, Muraca GM, Ting J, et al

Towards Normal Birth – But at What Cost?

Research Paper: AM J OBSTET GYNECOL 2016; 215 (4): 439–444. DOI: 10.1016/J.AJOG.2016.04.021
Authors: Dietz HP, Campbell S.

Maternal Mental Health

Delivery mode is associated with maternal mental health following childbirth

Research Paper: Arch Womens Ment Health 22, 817–824 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00737-019-00968-2
Authors: Dekel, S., Ein-Dor, T., Berman, Z. et al.

Psychological consequences of pelvic floor trauma following vaginal birth: a qualitative study from two Australian tertiary maternity units.

Research Paper: Arch Womens Ment Health. 2018 Jun;21(3):341-351. doi: 10.1007/s00737-017-0802-1. Epub 2017 Dec 19. PMID: 29256069.
Authors: Skinner EM, Barnett B, Dietz HP.

Delivery mode is associated with maternal mental health following childbirth.

Research Paper: Archives of Women’s Mental Health volume 22, pages817–824(2019)
Authors: Sharon Dekel, Tsachi Ein-Dor, Zohar Berman, Ida S. Barsoumian, Sonika Agarwal & Roger K. Pitman

Pelvic floor and Prolapse

Comparison of Levator Ani Muscle Defects and Function in Women With and Without Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Research Paper: Comparison of Levator Ani Muscle Defects and Function in Women With and Without Pelvic Organ Prolapse, Obstetrics & Gynecology: February 2007 – Volume 109 – Issue 2 Part 1 – p 295-302 doi: 10.1097/01.AOG.0000250901.57095.ba
Authors: DeLancey, John O. L. MD; Morgan, Daniel M. MD; Fenner, Dee E. MD; Kearney, Rohna MD; Guire, Kenneth MS; Miller, Janis M. PhD, APRN; Hussain, Hero MD; Umek, Wolfgang MD; Hsu, Yvonne MD; Ashton-Miller, James A. PhD

Levator trauma is associated with pelvic organ prolapse

Research Paper: BJOG; Volume115, Issue8 July 2008 Pages 979-984. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2008.01751.x
Authors: HP Dietz, JM Simpson

The effect of levator avulsion on hiatal dimension and function

Research Paper: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Volume 201, Issue 1, July 2009, Pages 89.e1-89.e5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2009.02.005
Authors: Zeelha Abdool FCOG, Ka Lai Shek FHKAM (O&G), Hans Peter Dietz MD, PhD, FRANZCOG, DDU, CU

Levator avulsion and grading of pelvic floor muscle strength

Research Paper: Int Urogynecol J 19, 633–636 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-007-0491-9
Authors: H. P. Dietz, C. Shek

Does levator trauma ‘heal’?

Research Paper: Ultrasounds in Obstetrics & Gynecology; Volume40, Issue5 November 2012 Pages 570-575. https://doi.org/10.1002/uog.11203
Authors: K. L. Shek, V. Chantarasorn S. Langer H. P. Dietz

It is the first birth that does the damage: a cross-sectional study 20 years after delivery

Research Paper: nt Urogynecol J 29, 1637–1643 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-018-3616-4
Authors: Kamisan Atan, I., Lin, S., Dietz, H.P. et al.

Pelvic floor trauma: does the second baby matter?

Research Paper: Ultrasounds in Obstetrics & Gynecology; Volume44, Issue1 July 2014 Pages 90-94. https://doi.org/10.1002/uog.13252
Authors: T. A. Horak R. A. Guzman‐Rojas K. L. L. Shek H. P. Dietz

Atraumatic normal vaginal delivery: how many women get what they want?

Research Paper: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Volume 219, Issue 4, October 2018, Pages 379.e1-379.e8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2018.07.022
Authors: Jessica Caudwell-Hall MBBS, Ixora Kamisan Atan MD, Rodrigo Guzman Rojas MD, Susanne Langer RN RM, Ka Lai Shek MD, PhD, Hans Peter Dietz MD, PhD

Maternal birth trauma: why should it matter to urogynaecologists?

Research Paper: Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Oct;28(5):441-8. doi: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000304. PMID: 27454848.
Authors: Dietz HP, Wilson PD, Milsom I.

How much does the levator hiatus have to stretch during childbirth?

Research Paper: BJOG; Volume116, Issue12 November 2009 Pages 1657-1662. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2009.02321.x
Authors: K Svabík, KL Shek, HP Dietz

Levator Ani Muscle Stretch Induced by Simulated Vaginal Birth

Research Paper: Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Jan; 103(1): 31–40. doi: 10.1097/01.AOG.0000109207.22354.65
Authors: Kuo-Cheng Lien, MS, Brian Mooney, MS, John O. L. DeLancey, MD, and James A. Ashton-Miller, PhD

Psychological consequences of pelvic floor trauma following vaginal birth: a qualitative study from two Australian tertiary maternity units

Research Paper: Arch Womens Ment Health 21, 341–351 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00737-017-0802-1
Authors: Elizabeth M. Skinner, Bryanne Barnett, Hanz P. Dietz

Avulsion of the pubovisceral muscle associated with large vaginal tear after normal vaginal delivery at term

Research Paper: Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2007 Aug;47(4):341-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-828X.2007.00748.x. PMID: 17627693.
Authors: Dietz HP, Gillespie AV, Phadke P.

Lifetime Risk of Undergoing Surgery for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Research Paper: Obstetrics & Gynecology: November 2010 – Volume 116 – Issue 5 – p 1096-1100 doi: 10.1097/AOG.0b013e3181f73729
Authors: Smith, Fiona J. BHlthSc(Hons); Holman, C. D’Arcy J. MPH, PhD; Moorin, Rachael E. PhD, MMRS; Tsokos, Nicolas MBBS, FRANZCOG, CU

Guidelines for the Use of Support Pessaries in the Management of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Authors: Continence Foundation; University of South Australia, International Centre for Allied Health Evidence

Vaginal high-pressure zone assessed by dynamic 3-dimensional ultrasound images of the pelvic floor.

Research Paper: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2007 Jul;197(1):52.e1-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2007.04.026.
Authors: Jung SA, Pretorius DH, Padda BS, et al.

Assessment of pelvic organ prolapse : a review.

Research Paper: (2016). Assessment of pelvic organ prolapse : a review. Ultrasound In Obstetrics And Gynecology, 48(6), 681-692. https://doi.org/10.1002/uog.15881
Authors: Shek, C., & Dietz, H. P.

Do women notice the impact of childbirth-related levator trauma on pelvic floor and sexual function?

Research Paper: Int Urogynecol J 25, 1389–1398 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-014-2331-z
Authors: Thibault-Gagnon, S., Yusuf, S., Langer, S. et al.

Does avulsion of the puborectalis muscle affect bladder function?

Research Paper: Int Urogynecol J 20, 967–972 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-009-0882-1
Authors: Dietz, H.P., Kirby, A., Shek, K.L. et al.

Contributing factors in forceps associated pelvic floor trauma.

Research Paper: Int Urogynecol J 31, 167–171 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-019-03869-1
Authors: Caudwell-Hall, J., Weishaupt, J. & Dietz, H.P.

Delivery mode and the risk of levator muscle avulsion: a meta-analysis.

Research Paper: Int Urogynecol J 30, 901–907 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-018-3827-8
Authors: Friedman, T., Eslick, G.D. & Dietz, H.P.

Risk factors for prolapse recurrence: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Research Paper: Int Urogynecol J 29, 13–21 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-017-3475-4
Authors: Friedman, T., Eslick, G.D. & Dietz, H.P.

Comparison of Levator Ani Muscle Defects and Function in Women With and Without Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Research Paper: Obstetrics & Gynecology: February 2007 – Volume 109 – Issue 2 Part 1 – p 295-302 doi: 10.1097/01.AOG.0000250901.57095.ba
Authors: DeLancey, John O. L. MD; Morgan, Daniel M. MD; Fenner, Dee E. MD; Kearney, Rohna MD; Guire, Kenneth MS; Miller, Janis M. PhD, APRN; Hussain, Hero MD; Umek, Wolfgang MD; Hsu, Yvonne MD; Ashton-Miller, James A. PhD

Levator trauma is associated with pelvic organ prolapse

Research Paper: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 115: 979-984. (2008)
Authors: Dietz, H. and Simpson, J

The effect of levator avulsion on hiatal dimension and function

Research Paper: m J Obstet Gynecol 2009;201:89.e1-5
Authors: Zeelha Abdool, Ka Lai Shek, Hans Peter Dietz

Levator avulsion and grading of pelvic floor muscle strength.

Research Paper: Int Urogynecol J 19, 633–636 (2008).
Authors: Dietz, H.P., Shek, C.

Does levator trauma ‘heal’?

Research Paper: (2012) Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol, 40: 570-575. https://doi.org/10.1002/uog.11203
Authors: Cite the following article Original Paper Free Access Does levator trauma ‘heal’? K. L. Shek V. Chantarasorn S. Langer H. P. Dietz How to cite Shek, K.L., Chantarasorn, V., Langer, S. and Dietz, H.P.

Atraumatic normal vaginal delivery: how many women get what they want?

Research Paper: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Volume 219, Issue 4, 2018, Pages 379.e1-379.e8
Authors: Jessica Caudwell-Hall, Ixora Kamisan Atan, Rodrigo Guzman Rojas, Susanne Langer, Ka Lai Shek, Hans Peter Dietz

How much does the levator hiatus have to stretch during childbirth?

Research Paper: (2009), How much does the levator hiatus have to stretch during childbirth?. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 116: 1657-1662. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2009.02321.x
Authors: Svabík, K., Shek, K. and Dietz, H.

Levator Ani Muscle Stretch Induced by Simulated Vaginal Birth.

Research Paper: Obstet Gynecol. 2004;103(1):31-40. doi:10.1097/01.AOG.0000109207.22354.65
Authors: Lien KC, Mooney B, DeLancey JO, Ashton-Miller JA.

Psychological consequences of pelvic floor trauma following vaginal birth: a qualitative study from two Australian tertiary maternity units.

Research Paper: Arch Womens Ment Health. 2018 Jun;21(3):341-351. doi: 10.1007/s00737-017-0802-1. Epub 2017 Dec 19. PMID: 29256069.
Authors: Skinner EM, Barnett B, Dietz HP.

Online reported women’s experiences of symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse after vaginal birth.

Research Paper: BMC Women’s Health 19, 129 (2019).
Authors: Mirskaya, M., Lindgren, EC. & Carlsson, IM.

Delivery mode and the risk of levator muscle avulsion

Research Paper: International Urogynecology Journal volume 30, pages901–907(2019)
Authors: Talia Friedman, Guy D. Eslick & Hans Peter Dietz

Lifetime Risk of Undergoing Surgery for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Research Paper: Obstetrics & Gynecology: November 2010 – Volume 116 – Issue 5 – p 1096-1100 doi: 10.1097/AOG.0b013e3181f73729
Authors: Smith, Fiona J. BHlthSc(Hons); Holman, C. D’Arcy J. MPH, PhD; Moorin, Rachael E. PhD, MMRS; Tsokos, Nicolas MBBS, FRANZCOG,et al.

Maternal Birth Trauma: Why Should it Matter to Urogynaecologists?

Research Paper: CURR OPIN O/G 2016 OCT;28(5):441-8.
Authors: Dietz HP, Wilson PD, Milsom I.

Pelvic Pain and Fractures

Politics of Childbirth

The Roar Behind the Silence Why kindness, compassion and respect matter in maternity care

Authors: Byrome, S., Downs, S. Eds

Perinatal depression screening in Australia: A position paper

Research Paper: Nursing and Health Sciences. 2021;23:279–287. DOI: 10.1111/nhs.12793
Authors: Karen Hazell Raine RN, M.Couns., M.MH (Infant), Ph.D1, Karen Thorpe B.Ed.(Hons) M.A., Ph.D., C.Psychol2, Philip Boyce MB, BS, MD, FRANZCP3

‘Normal birth’: Time to change our tune?

Research Paper: ANZJOG. Volume60, Issue5 October 2020 Pages 810-812
Authors: Sally Ely, Ka Lai Shek Hans Peter Dietz

Women and Babies Need Protection From the Dangers of Normal Birth Ideology

Research Paper: BR J OBSTET GYNAECOL 2017; PUB BEFORE PRINT.
Authors: Dietz HP

Maternal Birth Trauma Should be a Key Performance Indicator of Maternity Services

Research Paper: INT UROGYNECOL J (2015) 26:29–32
Authors: Dietz HP, Pardey J, Murray HG

Tears and OASI

Avulsion of the pubovisceral muscle associated with large vaginal tear after normal vaginal delivery at term

Research Paper: Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2007 Aug;47(4):341-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-828X.2007.00748.x. PMID: 17627693.
Authors: Dietz HP, Gillespie AV, Phadke P.

Third- and Fourth-degree Perineal Tears, Management (Green-top Guideline No. 29)

Authors: Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists

Medium- to Long-term Follow-up of Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injury

Research Paper: Diseases of the Colon & Rectum: March 2019 – Volume 62 – Issue 3 – p 348-356 doi: 10.1097/DCR.0000000000001297
Authors: Turel, Friyan D. M.B.B.S.; Langer, Susan R.N., R.M.; Shek, Ka Lai M.D., Ph.D; Dietz, Hans Peter M.D., Ph.D

Anal incontinence

Research Paper: Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology, Volume 23, Issue 4, 2009, Pages 505-515
Authors: David C.C. Bartolo, Hugh M. Paterson

Women’s experiences following severe perineal trauma: a qualitative study

Research Paper: BMC Womens Health. 2014; 14: 32.
Authors: Holly Priddis, Virginia Schmied and Hannah Dahlen

Vicarious Trauma

Rethinking trauma treatment: Attachment, memory reconsolidation, and resilience.

Research Paper: Armstrong, C. (2019). Rethinking trauma treatment: Attachment, memory reconsolidation, and resilience. W. W. Norton & Company.
Authors: Armstrong, C.

Midwives’ practices and knowledge about fear of childbirth and postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder

Research Paper: Women Birth. 2020 Feb;33(1):e95-e104. doi: 10.1016/j.wombi.2018.11.014. Epub 2018 Dec 19. PMID: 30579925.
Authors: de Vries NE, Stramrood CAI, Sligter LM, Sluijs AM, van Pampus MG

The emotional and professional wellbeing of Australian midwives: A comparison between those providing continuity of midwifery care and those not providing continuity.

Research Paper: Women Birth. 2018 Feb;31(1):38-43. doi: 10.1016/j.wombi.2017.06.013. Epub 2017 Jul 8. PMID: 28697882
Authors: Fenwick J, Sidebotham M, Gamble J, Creedy DK.

Australian midwives’ intentions to leave the profession and the reasons why

Research Paper: Women and Birth, Volume 32, Issue 6, 2019, Pages e584-e593, ISSN 1871-5192, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2019.01.001.
Authors: Karina Harvie, Mary Sidebotham, Jennifer Fenwick

Birth during covid-19

Giving birth under hospital visitor restrictions: Heightened acute stress in childbirth in COVID-19 positive women

Research Paper: Res Sq [Preprint]. 2020 Dec 9:rs.3.rs-112882. doi: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-112882/v1. PMID: 33330856; PMCID: PMC7743075.
Authors: Gus Mayopoulos, Tsachi Ein-Dor, Kevin Li, Sabrina Chan, Sharon Dekel

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